Chapter 38

The Battery
Lead-Acid Flooded Cell and Gel Cell Batteries
Ratings and Sizing
Low-Maintenance and Maintenance-Free Batteries and Cells
Battery Charging and Discharging Cycle
Battery Temperature Monitoring
Battery Operating Conditions
Rechargeable Cell Batteries
Battery Cables and Terminals
Battery Condition
Parasitic Draw
Jump Starting
Battery Service Precautions
Battery Recycling
Battery Maintenance
Testing Battery State of Charge and Specific Gravity
Testing Battery Conductance
Testing Battery Capacity
Identifying Modules That Lose Their Initialization During Battery Removal
Inspecting, Cleaning, Filling, and Replacing the Battery and Cables
Charging the Battery
Jump-Starting the Vehicle
Measuring Parasitic Draw
Engine Starting (Cranking) Systems
Starter Motor Principles
Direct-Drive/Gear Reduction Styles
Starter Motor Construction, Including the Brake Washer
Starter Magnet Types
Starter Motor Engagement
Commutation and Brushes
Solenoid Operation
Starter Control Circuit
Starter Drives and the Ring Gear
Starter Location Variation
Hybrid Vehicle Starters
Starter Draw Testing
Testing Starter Circuit Voltage Drop
Inspecting and Testing the Starter Control Circuit
Inspecting and Testing Relays and Solenoids
Removing and Installing a Starter
Differentiating Between Electrical and Mechanical Problems
Charging Systems
Alternator Principles
Alternating Current
Alternator Components
Phase Winding Connections
Rotor Circuit
Voltage Regulation
High-Voltage Charging Systems
Alternator Construction
Charging System Output Test
Testing Charging System Circuit Voltage Drop
Replacing an Alternator
Diagnosing Undercharge and Overcharge